Alysha Curtis, of Nayland College, asks :-

Is everything science?

John Campbell, a physicist with interests in the application of science to archaeology and works of art, responded.

No. There are a lot of creative arts which aren't science, or at least wont be until we understand all the details of how the human brain works.

Science usually starts out by humans observing what is around us. We then try to group ideas together into a theory which is open to testing to see if it can be proven false. Once we have confidence in the theory it is taken to its most simple statement and used to make predictions which can be tested by experimentation. For example, Einstein used aspects of his theory of relativity to determine that mass and energy are the same thing. He determined that the exact relationship is E = mc$^2$, one of the most simple but most profound of all physical relationships. (c is the speed of light.)

In each creative art currently there is usually an aspect of science. For example, an artist needs a scientist to produce stable pigments, an ice-dancer has an advantage if he/she knows the essentials of rotational mechanics and a good potter should know something of the chemistry of glazes. Shakespeare's works probably have no science in their creation but a Mills and Boon novel can be written to a formula. A knowledge of the frequency with which letters of the alphabet occur in normal writing gives a basis for breaking simple codes.